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Understanding Bitcoins and Their Advantages Over Regular Currencies

Bitcoin is a type of digital currency that made and held electronically. As opposed to dollars or euros, nobody controls them. They have no printed form, but are instead produced by businesses as well as individuals by way of software that works around mathematical problems.

Bitcoins and Cryptocurrencies

Bitcoins are the first in an emergent category of money referred to as cryptocurrency. Gold or silver is the basis ofconventional currency. Theoretically, you know that by handing over a dollar at the bank, you will get some gold in exchange (although this isn’t actually happening). Bitcoins, however, are based on mathematics instead of precious metals. In many places around the world, people are employing software programs that produce bitcoins by following a mathematical formula. This mathematical formula available to everyone, which means anyone can actually check it. Even the software is open source, which means everybody can pitch in to make sure that it does what it should.

Advantages over Conventional Currencies

Bitcoins can be used to pay for purchases digitally. In such a sense, it’s like traditional currencies, which can also traded through this route. But there are several advantages offered by bitcoins, including:

Decentralization

The bitcoin network doesn’t come under any central authority. Each machine that mines bitcoins and processes transactions is a part of the network, and the machines all work together. Hence, theoretically speaking, no central authority will be able to change or interfere with monetary policy and start a meltdown – or simply decide to seize bitcoins from their owners. And even if a certain part of the network goes offline for whatever reason, the money will remain flowing.

Easy Setup

Traditional banks can have so many and sometimes unnecessary requirements before you can open a basic account with them. Opening a merchant account is just another tedious task made complicated by bureaucracy. In contrast, a bitcoin address can be set up in seconds, with zero fees and zero questions at that.

Anyonymity

Bitcoin accounts are anynymous – sort of. It’s possible to have multiple bitcoin addresses without any of them being linked to names, addresses, or any information that can shed light on your identity. However, the bitcoin network will keep all the details of each transaction you have made in a giant electronic ledger called the blockchain. The blockchain contains everything. If you use your bitcoin address publicly, everyone can tell how many bitcoins that address holds. But they’ll have no inkling that it’s yours. There are various measures you can take to increase their anonymity on the bitcoin network, such as avoiding moving too many bitcoins to a single address and using different bitcoin addresses.

Small International Transfer Fees

Transaction fees using bitcoins are minuscule in comparison to what banks charge for international transfers.

Speed and Non-Repudiability

With bitcoins, you can send money wherever in the world and it will get there in a matter of minutes, provided the network is online. Finally, it’s non-repudiable. After your bitcoins are sent, you can’t get them back, unless the recipient sends them back them to you.

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